Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the rectum and anus that cause swelling, itching, and bleeding. They can be caused by straining to have a bowel movement, pregnancy, aging, anal sex, and some medications.
Hemorrhoids can be internal or external, depending on where they form. You can get them from straining too much when you go to the bathroom or from sitting for long periods of time. In addition, you can get them if you have diarrhea or constipation, or if you have a family history of hemorrhoid
Straining during bowel movements causes hemorrhoids by putting pressure on these veins. Some of the same conditions that cause constipation can also lead to hemorrhoids. These include obesity, pregnancy, heavy lifting or exercising too soon after childbirth, chronic diarrhea, age-related changes in your body chemistry, smoking, and drinking alcohol.
If you’ve ever had a case of hemorrhoids, you know that they can be painful. There isn’t a cure for hemorrhoids since they’re not caused by any sort of infection or disease. However, there are some foods that can help ease the symptoms of your condition while also preventing them from getting worse in the future:
If you have hemorrhoids and wish to avoid certain foods that could irritate your anus, spicy foods should be at the top of your list. Spicy foods can cause bleeding, which is not only unpleasant but also painful if it happens while you’re eating. As well as causing irritation, hot spices like chili peppers and red pepper flakes can increase inflammation in your body and make existing issues worse.
Ice cream and frozen yogurt.
If you have hemorrhoids, ice cream is not your friend. The dairy in ice cream can cause constipation and irritation around the anus. This causes inflammation which leads to swelling—not good for already inflamed hemorrhoids.
To be safe, avoid all foods that may lead to constipation such as:
- Dairy products (milk, yogurt)
- Nuts and seeds (especially peanuts)
- Raw vegetables
Alcohol. Drinking alcohol can contribute to the formation of hemorrhoids, as it’s a diuretic and can cause dehydration. Alcohol may also cause inflammation and irritation, resulting in a painful burning sensation. The stasis of blood in the veins is another side effect that occurs when you drink too much alcohol, which will make them swell up even more than they were before you started drinking. It’s best to avoid alcohol completely if you have hemorrhoids because it could lead to serious bleeding or other medical complications if not managed properly by your doctor.
Caffeine can be a diuretic and cause dehydration, which can worsen hemorrhoids by irritating the small blood vessels in your rectum. Caffeine is also a stimulant, which means it can trigger digestive spasms that increase pressure and strain on an already inflamed hemorrhoid as well as cause diarrhea or constipation (common side effects of irritable bowel syndrome).
Coffee lovers beware: If you’re going to drink coffee, stick to decaf to reduce the amount of caffeine in your system while avoiding additional pain and discomfort.
Avoid cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, and collard greens. These vegetables can be tricky to eat when you have hemorrhoids because they contain a compound called thiocyanate that may aggravate the condition. While these foods are nutritious and very good for you in most cases if eaten in moderation — it’s not worth the risk of aggravating your hemorrhoids just to get some extra vitamins and minerals when there are other foods that won’t cause any issue at all.
If you do choose to eat these types of vegetables raw (like kale chips) or cooked (such as stir-fried cabbage), try adding something with a high water content like tomatoes or cucumbers so that the spice isn’t too intense on your sensitive tissues. You should also try cooking them longer than normal so they lose their spicy flavor or using a different method altogether (like steaming instead of boiling).
High-fat dairy products.
Dairy products contain a lot of fat, which can cause inflammation in your body. Avoid high-fat dairies like whole milk and cheese; instead, opt for low-fat or nonfat versions of your favorite foods. Low-fat dairy products are also a great way to get calcium into your diet; look for yogurts and cheeses with less than 15 grams of fat per serving.
Cheeses are high-fat food, and consuming them can contribute to constipation. This is because the body has to work harder to break down the fat in cheese than it would, say, a banana. The same thing can happen with other dairy products like milk and yogurt.
If you’re not suffering from hemorrhoids yet but want to avoid getting them in the future, then it’s also important to consider this fact: when you eat more saturated fat (found in cheese), your body produces more cholesterol which may cause inflammation of blood vessels that leads to the development of varicose veins or venous insufficiency—which includes hemorrhoids!
There are several foods that you should avoid if you have hemorrhoids. The following foods can make your symptoms worse, so it’s better to avoid them if possible:
- Spicy foods
- Coffee and other caffeinated drinks (with the exception of green tea)
- Alcoholic beverages
- Canned fruits and vegetables (you should eat fresh fruit whenever possible)
As you can see, some foods are more likely than others to aggravate the symptoms of hemorrhoids. If you’re currently suffering from this condition, it’s best to avoid them as much as possible until your symptoms go away completely. Remember: eating right is one of the most effective ways to prevent or treat this condition in the future!
Since hemorrhoids are more likely to occur in people who have chronic constipation and strain when they have bowel movements. They usually cause itching and bleeding. Some people feel a lump when they have hemorrhoids and others don’t feel anything at all until they start bleeding.
If you have severe bleeding from your hemorrhoids, it’s important to see your doctor right away so that he or she can determine if surgery is needed to stop the bleeding.